04 February 2013

Musca domestica – Common Housefly

Domain: Eukaryota Whittaker & Margulis, 1978eukaryotes, organisms whose cells contain complex structures enclosed within membranes.

Kingdom: Animalia Linnaeus, 1758animals, a major group of multicellular, eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Animalia or Metazoa. 

Phylum: Arthropoda Latreille, 1829arthropods, invertebrate animals having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and jointed appendages

Subphylum: Hexapoda Latreille, 1825hexapods, arthropods having a consolidated thorax with three pairs of legs.

Class: Insecta Linnaeus, 1758 insects, hexapods having a chitinous exoskeleton, a three-part body (head, thorax and abdomen), three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and one pair of antennae.

Subclass: Pterygota Lang, 1888winged insects, includes insect orders that are secondarily wingless (that is, insect groups whose ancestors once had wings but that have lost them as a result of subsequent evolution).

Infraclass: Neoptera Wulp, 1890 – winged insects that can flex their wings over their abdomens.

Superorder: Panorpida.

Order: Diptera Linnaeus, 1758true flies, their most obvious distinction from other orders of insects is that a typical fly possesses a pair of flight wings on the mesothorax and a pair of halteres, derived from the hind wings, on the metathorax. (Some species of flies are exceptional in that they are secondarily flightless). The only other order of insects bearing two true, functional wings plus any form of halteres are the Strepsiptera, and in contrast to the flies, the Strepsiptera bear their halteres on the mesothorax and their flight wings on the metathorax.
There are 2 suborders in Diptera, Nematocera and Brachycera. The Nematocera are recognized by their elongated bodies and feathery antennae as represented by mosquitoes and crane flies. The Brachycera have a more roundly proportioned body and much shorter antennae.

Suborder: Brachycera –  It is a major suborder consisting of around 120 families. Their most distinguishing characteristic is reduced antenna segmentation. Brachyceran flies can also be distinguished through behavior. Many of the species are predators or scavengers.

Superfamily: Muscoidea

Family: Muscidae Latreille, 1802 – some of which are commonly known as house flies or stable flies due to their synanthropy.

Subfamily: Muscinae Latreille, 1802

Tribe: Muscini Latreille, 1802

Genus: Musca Linnaeus, 1758

Species: Musca domestica Linnaeus, 1758Common Housefly, Housefly, House Fly, House-fly
It is the most common of all domestic flies, accounting for about 91% of all flies in human habitations, and indeed one of the most widely distributed insects, found all over the world. It is considered a pest that can carry serious diseases.
The adults are 8–12 mm long. Their thorax is gray, with four longitudinal dark lines on the back. The whole body is covered with hair-like projections. The females are slightly larger than the males, and have a much larger space between their red compound eyes. The mass of pupae can range from about 8 to 20 mg under different conditions.
Like other Diptera (meaning "two-winged"), houseflies have only one pair of wings; the hind pair is reduced to small halteres that aid in flight stability.
There are 2 subspecies of housefly, M. d. calleva Walker, 1849 and M. d. domestica Linnaeus, 1758 


Lalat Rumah (Musca domestica) Kawin di Ujung Jari

 

References:

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eukaryota
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthropod
  4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hexapoda
  5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insect
  6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pterygota
  7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neoptera
  8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brachycera
  9. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscidae
  10. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscinae
  11. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscini
  12. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musca_%28genus%29
  13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musca_domestica

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