29 January 2013

Ischnura senegalensis – Common Bluetail

Domain: Eukaryota Whittaker & Margulis, 1978eukaryotes, organisms whose cells contain complex structures enclosed within membranes.

Kingdom: Animalia Linnaeus, 1758animals, a major group of multicellular, eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Animalia or Metazoa. 

Phylum: Arthropoda Latreille, 1829arthropods, invertebrate animals having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and jointed appendages

Subphylum: Hexapoda Latreille, 1825hexapods, arthropods having a consolidated thorax with three pairs of legs.

Class: Insecta Linnaeus, 1758 insects, hexapods having a chitinous exoskeleton, a three-part body (head, thorax and abdomen), three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and one pair of antennae.

Subclass: Pterygota Lang, 1888winged insects, includes insect orders that are secondarily wingless (that is, insect groups whose ancestors once had wings but that have lost them as a result of subsequent evolution).

Infraclass: Palaeoptera Martynov, 1923 – primitive groups of winged insects (most of them extinct) that lacked the ability to fold the wings back over the abdomen

Superorder: Odonatoptera Martynov, 1932 – a superorder(sometimes treated as an order) of ancient winged insects. The dragonflies and damselflies are the only living members of this group.

Order: Odonata Fabricius, 1793 – an order of carnivorous insects, encompassing dragonflies (Anisoptera / Epiprocta) and damselflies (Zygoptera)

Suborder: Zygoptera Selys, 1854damselflies. Damselflies are similar to dragonflies, but the adults can be distinguished by the fact that the wings of most damselflies are held along, and parallel to, the body when at rest. Furthermore, the hindwing of the damselfly is essentially similar to the forewing, while the hindwing of the dragonfly broadens near the base. Damselflies are also usually smaller than dragonflies and weaker fliers in comparison, and their eyes are separated.

Superfamily: Coenagrionoidea Kirby, 1890 – a superfamily of Closed Wing damselflies of the order Odonata found world-wide containing six families.

Family: Coenagrionidae Kirby, 1890 –  the largest damselfly family which has six subfamilies. This family is referred to as the Narrow-winged damselflies or the pond damselflies. The Coenagrionidae enjoy a worldwide distribution, and are among the most common of damselfly families. This family has the smallest of damselfly species.

Genus: Ischnura (Charpentier, 1840) – a genus of damselflies known as forktails.

Species: Ischnura senegalensis (Rambur, 1842) – Ischnura senegalensis, also known variously as Common Bluetail, Marsh Bluetail, Ubiquitous Bluetail, African Bluetail, and Senegal Golden Dartlet, is a widespread damselfly of the family Coenagrionidae, native from Africa, through the Middle East, throughout southern and eastern Asia. The species is found in slow-stagnant or leisurely flowing water bodies and tolerates both disturbances and pollution but is absent from intact forest areas.

Synonyms: Agrion senegalense Rambur, 1842Enallagma brevispina Selys, 1876

Capung Jarum Ischnura senegalensis kawin
Camera: Canon IXY DIGITAL 950 IS



  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eukaryota
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthropod
  4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hexapoda
  5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insect
  6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pterygota
  7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palaeoptera
  8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odonatoptera
  9. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odonata
  10. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zygoptera
  11. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coenagrionoidea
  12. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coenagrionidae
  13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ischnura
  14. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ischnura_senegalensis
  15. http://www.biolib.cz/en/taxonposition/id31726/

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