29 January 2013

Diplacodes trivialis – Chalky Perchers

Domain: Eukaryota Whittaker & Margulis, 1978eukaryotes, organisms whose cells contain complex structures enclosed within membranes.

Kingdom: Animalia Linnaeus, 1758animals, a major group of multicellular, eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Animalia or Metazoa. 

Phylum: Arthropoda Latreille, 1829arthropods, invertebrate animals having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and jointed appendages

Subphylum: Hexapoda Latreille, 1825hexapods, arthropods having a consolidated thorax with three pairs of legs.

Class: Insecta Linnaeus, 1758 insects, hexapods having a chitinous exoskeleton, a three-part body (head, thorax and abdomen), three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and one pair of antennae.

Subclass: Pterygota Lang, 1888winged insects, includes insect orders that are secondarily wingless (that is, insect groups whose ancestors once had wings but that have lost them as a result of subsequent evolution).

Infraclass: Palaeoptera Martynov, 1923 – primitive groups of winged insects (most of them extinct) that lacked the ability to fold the wings back over the abdomen

Superorder: Odonatoptera Martynov, 1932 – a superorder(sometimes treated as an order) of ancient winged insects. The dragonflies and damselflies are the only living members of this group.

Order: Odonata Fabricius, 1793 – an order of carnivorous insects, encompassing dragonflies (Anisoptera / Epiprocta) and damselflies (Zygoptera)

Suborder: Anysoptera Selys, 1854 Dragonflies.  It is characterized by large multifaceted eyes, two pairs of strong transparent wings, and an elongated body. Dragonflies can sometimes be mistaken for damselflies, which are morphologically similar; however, adults can be differentiated by the fact that the wings of most dragonflies are held away from, and perpendicular to, the body when at rest. Dragonflies possess six legs (like any other insect), but most of them cannot walk well. Dragonflies are among the fastest flying insects in the world. They are usually found around marshes, lakes, ponds, streams, and wetlands because their larvae, known as "nymphs", are aquatic. Some 5680 different species of dragonflies are known in the world today. Though dragonflies are predators, they themselves are subject to predation by birds, lizards, frogs, spiders, fish, water bugs, and even other large dragonflies.

Superfamily: Libelluloidea

Family: Libellulidae Rambur, 1842 –  The skimmers or perchers and their relatives form the Libellulidae, the largest dragonfly family in the world. The libellulids have stout-bodied larvae with the lower lip or labium developed into a mask over the lower part of the face.

Genus: Diplacodes Kirby, 1889 –  commonly known as Perchers. Their colours range from the totally black body of the African D. lefebvrei, the lovely pale blue of India's D. trivialis (male), to the intense red of the Asian–Australian D. haematodes. They are generally small in size.

Species: Diplacodes trivialis (Rambur, 1842) –  Chalky Percher

Synonyms: Diplacodes remota Ris, 1911Libellula phalerata Uhler, 1858Libellula trivialis Rambur, 1842

Capung Diplacodes trivialis Betina
Capung Diplacodes trivialis Betina
 

References:

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eukaryota
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthropod
  4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hexapoda
  5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insect
  6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pterygota
  7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palaeoptera
  8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odonatoptera
  9. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odonata
  10. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anisoptera
  11. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libelluloidea
  12. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libellulidae
  13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diplacodes
  14. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diplacodes_trivialis
  15. http://www.biolib.cz/en/taxonposition/id226884/

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